GASTRITIS

Gastritis ( Dyspepsia / heartburn ) is an inflammation or injury that occurs in the stomach wall

grastitis

Epidemiology / incident cases

Gastritis is a disease that is often found in clinics or space sickness in general . Gastritis disease incidence increased from 5-6 this year and attacked many more men than in women. Men more experienced gastritis due to the habit of consuming alcohol and smoking .

In developing countries the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in adults approaching 90 % . Whereas in children the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection is higher again . This shows the importance of infection in infancy . While in Indonesia , the prevalence of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori infection assessed by urea breath test in patients dispepsi adults, showed a tendency to decrease. In developed countries the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in children is very low . Among adults the prevalence of the bacteria Helicobacter pylori infection is higher than in children but lower than in developing countries, namely 30 % . ( Sylvia A. Price , 1995; 377 )

 

Classification

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1.Gastroenteritis acute (occurs suddenly and rapidly)

2.Gastroenteritis Cronic (occur suddenly and chronic)

 

 

 

 

 

 Etiologi 

1. Bacterial infections HELICOBACTERI PYLORI

2.  Irregular eating patterns

3. Types of food and drinks that stimulate the stomach , such as ( a spicy , acidic , carbonated and carbonated )                            
4. Coffee, Tea and Alcohol
5. Stress
6. Smoking
7. AINS (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory )

 

 Sign & Syptoms

a.Abdominal pain

b.Nauseagrastitis8

c.Vomitting

d.Indigestion

e.Bloated Stomachf.Loss of appetite

g.Black stools

h.Weight loss

 

Complication

1.Upper gastroi bleeding ( SCBA ) in the form hemotemesis and melena .

2.Hemorrhagic shock

3.Perforations ( the formation of a hole in the stomach wall).

4.Peritonitis

5.Gastric cancergrastitis9

 

Diagnostic checkup 

  • Blood tests

  • Breath Test

  • Stool Test

  • Roentgen

  • Endoscopy              grastitis10

 

Medicine of Gastroenteritis

Medicine :                                                             Traditional :

a.Antacids                                                                                          a. Turmeric
b.Ranitidine                                                                                     b. Guavaleaves
c.Cimetidine
d. Proton pump

e.Agent Cytoprotektif

f.Anti- secretory , etc

 

 

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