MENINGITIS

meningitis

What is meningitis ???

It is the inflammation of the membranes covering the BRAIN & SPINAL CORD –known as the Menigens.

https://www.meningitisnow.org/meningitis-explained/what-meningitis/https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meningitis

 

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Sign and Symptoms

  • Fever, cold hand and feet
  • Rapid breathing
  • Refusing food and vomiting
  • Drowsy, Unresponsive,
  • Drowsy difficult to wake
  • Convulsion/seizure
  • Severe Headache
  • Stiff neck, dislike bright light
  • Bulging frontanelle
  • Rash

 

Meningitis can be caused by BACTERIA or VIRUSES

Meningitis caused by bacteria is called ‘bacterial meningitis’.

1.meningococcal meningitis – caused by Neisseria meningitides

2.haemophilus (Hib) meningitis – caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b

3.pneumococcal meningitis – caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

meningitis3

 

Prevention of bacterial meningitis

Haemophilus influenzae type b

can be prevented with Hib immunization (on age – 2, 4, 6, and 15 month)

Pneumococcal – can be prevented types of pneumococcal vaccine ( PCV ) 2, 4, 6, and between 12 – 15 month.

Meningococcal group – can be prevented with vaccines.

 

Meningitis caused by a virus is called ‘viral meningitis’.Some of the viruses that can cause meningitis

1.enteroviruses

2.coxsackieviruses

3.mumps virus

 

vaccines

hand-washing

What Happen after meningitis?

  • severe case – permanent neurological damage, problem with coordination and
  • movement or learning difficulties, Deafness is the most frequent severe after affect of menigitis.
  • Septicaemia : scarring, amputation and organ damage
  • Most of it is Death if not knowing early sign

DON’T IGNRONE The SIGN

   Fever ? Headache ? Vomiting ?                                           Sleepy ? Confused ?

                               Stiff Neck ?                                                Dislike bright Lights ?

                     Rash ?                                                   Pale, Blotchy skin ?

Cold Hands & feet ?                                                     Limb Pain ?

M e n i g i t i s

Meningitis   can   kill   in   hours

It Could happen to anyone

It  Could  Happen  to  you

remember

THANK  YOU