SINUSITIS

sinusitis

   Paranasal sinus (cavity) on the bone is about nasal (nose). The hollow cavity in the skull associated with the nose, and continually produce mucus that flowed into the nose   (wikipedia, 2016).

sinusitis1

   Paranasal Sinus :

1.Maxillary Sinuses

2.Frontal Sinuses

3.Ethmoid Sinuses

4.Sphenoid Sinuses

 

    Paranasal Sinus Function:

1.Humidifiers

2.Warms the air

3.support the immune defense

4.resonant sound

( USU Repository, 2006).

 

  SINUSITIS ???

Sinusitis sinus disease is an infection caused by bacteria or viruses (Doengoes, 2000).

Clasification :

1.Acute  : ± 4 weeks

1.Subacute  : 4 weeks – 3 month

2.Chronic  : >3 month

Consesus,2004.

sinusitis2

 

Signs and Symptoms

ACUTE

  1. Maxillari Sinuses

Symptoms: Fever, headache, viscous mucus in the nose, nasa congestion, and tenderness, snot flowing into the nasopharynx, strong smelling and sometimes mixed with blood.

2. Ethmoid sinuses

Symptoms: thick secretions in the nose and nasopharynx, pain between the two eyes, and dizziness

pharynx, strong smelling and sometimes mixed with blood

3. Frontal sinuses

Symptoms: Fever, severe headaches during the day, but was reduced after the late afternoon, thick secretions and smell is reduced.

4. Spenoid Sinuses

Symptoms: Pain in the eyes, headache, and there are secretions in the nasopharynx

CHRONIC

Symptoms: Flu recurrent, thick mucus and sometimes smelled, there is always the snot in the throat, and the symptoms in other organs such as rheumatoid arthritis, nephritis, bronchitis, bronchiectasis, dry cough, and often fever.

sinusitis4

treatmen-sinusitis

diathermy-therapy

 

Surgery

Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS)

Cadwell-luc Surgery

Etmoidectomi

sinus2

 

Complications Of Sinusitis

     eyelid edema

Pulmonary disorders, such as bronchitis and bronchiectasis

    abses subperiosteal

mintracranial abnormalities. Can be meningitis.

Thank you very much for your attention