STROKE

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Also called cerebrovascular accident (CVA) or Brain Attack.A stroke is a medical emergency.
Strokes happen when blood flow to your brain stops. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die.
The sooner treatment is given, the more likely it is that damage can be minimized.stroke1

There are two kinds of stroke

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When blood flow to part of the brain stops for a short period of time,
also called transient ischemic attack (TIA), it can mini stroke-like symptoms.
These symptoms appear and last less than 24 hours before disappearing.
While TIAs generally do not cause permanent brain damage, they are a serious warning sign
that a stroke may happen in the future and should not be ignored.

Causes & Risk Factors

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High blood pressure is the biggest risk factor for stroke that you can control.

Stroke Diagnosis

1. get a medical history

2. do a physical and neurological examination

3. have certain laboratory (blood) tests done

4. get a CT or MRI scan of the patient

 

TREATMENT

Generally there are three treatment stages for stroke:

Untitled6Medication or drug therapy is the most common treatment for stroke.

The most popular classes of drugs used to prevent or treat stroke are antithrombotics (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) and thrombolytics.

Stroke rehabilitation can be an important part of recovery after a stroke.

It helps build your strength, coordination, endurance, and confidence.

A main goal of stroke rehabilitation is to help you learn how to live with the effects of the stroke so you can be as independent as possible.

It may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and swallowing therapy.

Patient with stroke will need your help and support

PROGNOSIS

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Complications

The following are the most common effects of stroke:

 

@. Weakness or paralysis on one side of the body

@. Problems with speech and language

@. Poor balance or clumsy movement

@. Ignoring or being unaware of one side of the body

@. Trouble swallowing

@. Problems with bladder or bowel control

@. Problems with memory, thinking, or problem solving

@. Poor vision and/or changes in vision

@. Numbness

 

Prevention

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